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ASA Citation Style

A guide with links to help for citing your Sociological research.

ASA Guide Moving end of Fall 2020

This ASA Citation Style guide is moving to join its peers in our main Citing your Sources guide. This guide will be unpublished at the end of Fall 2020. Please update any bookmarks or URL links to:

Citation style guides

For you assignments, you are asked to cite resources using the American Sociological Association (ASA). 

Here are some online guides that will help you. 

The first link is the most definitive of all of these resources.  Use this one first and then refer to the other guides afterward.


How to Cite DVDs in the ASA Style

Example: This particular DVD is called Max Weber visits America, 1904. It's "directors" are the American Sociological Association (in other examples you would use the directors' names. It was published in Washington DC in 2004 and was published by the American Sociological Association. The citation would look like this.

American Sociological Association. 2004. Max Weber Visits America, 1904. DVD. Washington DC: American Sociological Association.


(References in ASA are single-spaced and indented after the first line)

Plagiarism Defined

from the Library's Plagiarism web site (


What it is:  Plagiarism is using another person's work without acknowledgment, making it appear to be one's own.

How to Avoid it: Ideas, words, pictures, or other intellectual content, taken from another source must be acknowledged in a citation that gives credit to the source.

This is true no matter where the material comes from, including the Internet, other students' work, unpublished materials, or oral sources.

Intentional and unintentional instances of plagiarism are considered instances of academic misconduct and are subject to disciplinary action such as failure on the assignment, failure of the course or dismissal from the university.

It is the responsibility of the student submitting the work in question to know, understand, and comply with this policy.

Some Examples of plagiarism if no citiation is given:

  • an idea or opinion, even when put into one's own words(paraphrase)
  • a few well-said words, if these are a unique insight
  • many words, even if one changes most of them
  • materials assembled by others, for instance quotes or a bibliography
  • an argument
  • a pattern of ideas
  • graphs, pictures, or other illustrations
  • facts
  • all or part of an existing paper or other resource

(This list is not meant to include all possible examples of plagiarism)



Paraphrase - Putting another person's ideas into your own words. This is not a quote, but you still need a citation giving credit for the idea.

Verbatim - An exact quoting of words, with no changes. All quotes should be verbatim

Citation - This contains all the information one needs to find an article: author, title, date, publisher, etc. These can also be footnotes or endnotes that point to items in your bibliography.

Bibliography- A list of books and articles. At the end of the paper, this is sometimes called "References" or "Works Cited."